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Preserving, protecting, and salvaging the unique and irreplaceable goods that represent each Nation's soul is an essential task for the peoples of the world, not only in order to reconstruct and understand the past, but to contribute to the edification of humanity's future. Mexico is a country rich in history and culture. Today, to promote our heritage is a continuous action that cannot be put off anymore, it is a priority.

 

In the context of the efforts made by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), through different initiatives to acknowledge a common cultural heritage, Mexico has contributed to the integration of complete records and catalogues of our heritage; and several of its Historic Downtowns (cities) and Archeological Zones have been acknowledged as World Heritage Sites.

 

Mexico occupies the first place in Latin America and the seventh in the world with 34 World Heritage properties acknowledged by UNESCO. Today, we present two of the most representative categories: historical centers or cities, and archaeological zones.

 

Sharing our millennial heritage identifies us as Mexicans and projects us as citizens of the world.


Convention Concering the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage

Cultural criteria (Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention)


Veracruz - Archeological sites

Located in the State of Veracruz, the city of The Tajín comprises a series of public squares and pyramids richly ornamented, of which the most known is the 'Pyramid of the Niches' that constitutes an outstanding expression of the universal architecture. By v...

Michoacán - Heritage cities

It is an outstanding example of urban planning of the 16th century in America, since its grid layout combines the ideas of the Spanish Renaissance with the Mesoamerican experience. The Baroque style of its numerous monuments is expres...

Chiapas - Archeological sites

A prime example of a Mayan sanctuary of the classical period, Palenque was at its height between AD 500 and 700, when its influence extended throughout the basin of the Usumacinta River. The elgance and craftsmanship of the buildings, as well as the lightness of the sculpt...

Ciudad de México - Heritage cities

The settlements in Mexico and Xochimilco are eloquent tests of the creative spirit and of man’s effort, to form a habitat starting from islands won to an extensive lake....

Campeche - Heritage cities

Campeche is a model of harbour town from the Spanish colonial period whose historic centre is still surrounded by defensive walls. Its system of fortifications,
settled down by the Spaniards to protect the ports on the Caribbean Sea&n...

Oaxaca - Heritage cities

The layout of the ancient city of Antequera (Oaxaca) was the first one built on a grid pattern in the New Spain. It conserves one of the richest ensembles of civil and religious architecture of the Continent, many of them artistic and arch...

Puebla - Heritage cities

The original physical and space layout of the city of Puebla, founded in 1531, is conserved unaffected in its volumes and proportions. The European and American fusion could develop here, in the viceregal time, an own and unique physiognomy in its civil and religious ...

Guanajuato - Heritage cities

Located at the bottom of a narrow and serpentine valley, Guanajuato was the world's leading silver-extraction centre in the 18th century. This fact propitiated the construction of great religious, civil and industrial properties; also tunnels, preys, hacienda...

Yucatán - Archeological sites

This site is the most important urban centre in the vast Mayan cultural region. It reached its maximum splendor between A.D. 1000 and 1200. It contains some of the masterpieces of the prehispanic architecture of the south of Mexico, as the Ball Court of colossal dimensions...

Zacatecas - Heritage cities

In the second half of the 16th century and along the 17th, Zacatecas was the main mining centre of the New Spain. In its irregular layout, formed by small open spaces, streets, alleys in ramp or staggered, an important number of big monuments were built. The prof...

Querétaro - Heritage cities

This cultural property is a magnificent example of a New Spain’s settlement whose layout integrates the twisting alleys of the Indian quarters with the rigid Spanish geometry, symbolizing this way its multi-ethnic character. It is also endowed with a wealth...

Yucatán - Archeological sites

One of the most extraordinary examples in the Mayan architecture is in the village of Uxmal. The architectural ensemble constitutes a unique manifestation for its composition, constructive and ornamental characteristics, that particularly materialized in the buildings of Las&nb...

Chihuahua - Archeological sites

The exceptional archaeological vestige of the urban ensemble of Paquimé, bears eloquent and abundant witness to an important element in the cultural evolution of North America, and in particular to commercial and cultural links with other pre-Hispanic communiti...

Veracruz - Heritage cities

Tlacotalpan is a river port near the Gulf coast of Mexico that has preserved its urban fabric to a remarkable degree. It constitutes a singular example of settlement and typical architecture of the Caribbean region. Its outstanding character lies in its townscape of w...

Campeche - Archeological sites

Calakmul well preserved and unaltered Mayan capital city, is located in the region of the low lands of the south part of the country. It was one of the two most important Mayan cities along twelve centuries, until the centre of power moved to Yucatan. It provides cruc...

Guanajuato - Heritage cities

The village of San Miguel el Grande was first established in the 16th century, as a fortified town, to protect the en trance to the north of the Royal Inland Road....

Estado de México - Archeological sites

Teotihuacan “the place where the gods were created” is the most important city of the ancient Mexico, also considered as one of the most powerful cultural centres in Mesoamerica. Its unquestionable universal value is appreciated in the geometric disposition of its u...